Located in the southwestern United States, Arizona borders Mexico, California, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and a bit of Colorado. This state is 400 miles long, 310 miles wide, and elevation ranges from 72 feet to 12,637 feet at Humphreys Peak, with a mean elevation of 4,100 feet. This creates a wide range of localized climates suitable for a variety of plants.
Lower elevations have a desert climate characterized by very hot summers and mild winters. In these areas, plants are spiny, swollen, and have small leaves that are dull green in color. Deserts are arid and these plants have adapted to survive in this climate. Cacti are examples of succulent plants, which store water in their roots, stems, or fleshhy leaves. Elephant trees, aloe, some euphorbias, and agave are additional varieties of succulents.
Cold mountain and intermountain areas are at the other end of the spectrum. Although summer temperatures are reliably mild, the growing season is short and characterized by cold nights. Plants are insulated by snow during winter. Crabapples, flowering quince, lilacs, and Pfitzer juniper are several plants that flourish in this climate.
In between the two extremes are cool plateau highlands with elevations ranging from 4,000 to 6,000 feet. These areas are characterized by cold winters featuring drying winds and frost or snow. Lilacs, monks pepper, barberry, beautybush, Arizona cypress, crabapple, and thornless honey are among the plants that do well, as are many types of junipers.
Arizona Landscaping Ideas
Although aesthetic appeal may be the primary goal, a good landscaping plan observers climate, space, function, and cost. Maintenance requirements and water efficiency should also be considered. Having a plan helps to guide the landscaping process. Some people choose to complete all of their landscaping at once while others take a graduate approach. Many follow trends such as xeriscaping, which reduces or eliminates the need for irrigation.
Those who are new to landscaping should consider what types of color are desired, whether the yard will serve any function and what plants contribute to this, and what type of atmosphere they want to create. Taking a walk or drive around local neighborhoods may provide some design inspiration. Once the landscaping wish list is developed, the implementation phase begins. Working from a drawing and learning about plants suitable for the area reduce investments of time and money. The result will be a beautiful landscape that enhances the appearance of the home.