Merely planting trees and shrubs is not landscaping and this article is not meant to define the art of landscaping, but rather to help you take a realistic approach to landscape planning. Your end landscaping design should meet your needs and incorporate principles of sustainability into a living landscape. Designing your backyard can give you an opportunity to create habitats for plants, wildlife and even for people.
Keep in mind that landscape development can be a long-term process within the framework of your plan. There is no need to develop your entire lot at at. Completing the landscape over a 3-year period is a practical approach and gives you time to observe which plants are helping your yard and which should be removed or replaced.
Your largest landscaping challenge should be to create a landscape that is both aesthetically pleasing and environmentally sound. In order to reach this purpose, it should all start with planning. If you reached this point you should start considering various factors such as: climate, earthwork, neighborhood trends and sunlight. You should also base your decisions regarding the plant variety in your future garden on these factors. There are no hard rules for the art of landscaping as each landscape design is a distinct creation. However, there are a few common principles you could abide to in order not to fail at this project: balance , simplicity , proportions , focal point .
In landscaping balance can be achieved either by a symmetrical approach or by an asymmetrical one. The only difference between the two is that the asymmetrical balance uses different objects on each side of the axis in order to reach a similar visual mass.
Simplicity is achieved when different parts of a design are arranged to appear as one single unit. You could either mass a few similar species of plants together or group a few plants of the same species together.
The proportions of your landscaping design should only be considered based on the mature height of your plants. Also do consider the relationship of the plants to all the other objects inside your yard.
Focal points give the eye a place to rest when viewing your landscape as a whole. A focal point may consist of a plant specimen, a garden accessory or a water feature. In case your pool is the focal point of the public use area, design your landscape in order to enhance it.
Regarding the plant selection I would advise you to have some colors in your backyard during each season. Make sure you include in your selection plants that keep their color through the winter. Flowering trees provide colors in spring. Beds of perennials furnish vivid shades during the summer. Trees and shrubs which leaves turn yellow, orange and red brighten gray autumn days. The bark and fruit of some species is attractive during winter. Strongly contrasting textures also can create interesting year-round effects. Do select plants with more than one quality during the seasons. Choose a tree with blossoms in spring and stunning colors during fall. You should also never dispose insect repelling plants like geraniums or chamomile. Google it and you will find a wide selection.
Everything step towards landscaping should be full of color, moderation and feasibility. Good landscaping is not an easy task, but can be achieved with lots of restraint and just a bit of good taste.