Step # 1
Lay out a fence by staking off the site and stretching a mason's line between every stake. If you'll build a fence that is over 30 feet long, put a stake on every 15 feet or so to make sure that the line remains straight. Remember to allot space for your gate. Most gates are around 42 feet in width. This opening allows smooth clearance for garden equipment such as lawnmowers.
Step # 2
Mark the holes for the post every 6 or 8 feet along the perimeter. The most arduous part of the fence building process is the digging of the holes. So consider renting a post-hole digger or just hire a professional to dig the post holes for you. Before you begin digging, contact local utilities to make sure you're digging away from utility pipes and lines. And the holes need to be deer than the frost line to avoid heaving. The typical depth is three to four feet.
Step # 3
Tamp a two-foot gravel base in the bottom of each hole. Place the post on top of the gravel that's in the hole. Add a couple shovel-full of concrete mix into the post hole. To make sure each post is perpendicular, place a level on it. Fill the post hole with the concrete mix, frequently checking if the post stays upright. Brace the post (for at least an entire day) until the concrete complete sets.
Fence post spikes are a good alternative to concrete. They enable you to install the posts while eliminating the need to dig post holes and use concrete. You can attach fence boards and rails to your posts immediately.
Step # 4
It is best to use galvanized fence clips to install the fence rails. Begin in one corner and attach a clip to your post. Place rail in the clip and lay the rail against your next fence post. Level the fence rail and then mark the bottom of the rail on the following post. Attach a fence clip exactly at this mark. Secure the fence rail to both fence clips with galvanized nails. Use a square to move the position of this fence clip to the opposite side of the post and perform this procedure for the following post.
Step # 5
Attach the vertical boards to the bottom and top rails along your fence. The type of look you like for your fence will be the determining factor for the pattern that you attach the fence boards in. Use a piece of wood as a spacer to make sure the placements of the fence boards are even.